Birch Plywood NZ: Your Essential Guide to Quality and Selection


Exploring the potential of birch plywood for your next project? Whether you’re a professional tradesman or a DIY enthusiast, our in-depth guide, enriched with firsthand insights, will help you navigate through the selection process with ease. Learn about various grades, finishes, and applications of birch plywood to enhance your craftsmanship.

What is Birch Plywood? 

Birch plywood is a high-quality material crafted by layering thin sheets of birch veneer. This construction provides exceptional strength-to-weight ratio, making it a popular choice for various woodworking projects. Birch plywood is made from layers of veneer that are glued together. The layers are oriented in alternating directions, which gives the plywood its strength and stability. 

The glue used plays a crucial role in determining the plywood’s properties. Two common options are:

Melamine glue (MR) with low formaldehyde (E0): Ideal for indoor use with limited moisture exposure.
Water-boiled proof (WBP) glue: Offers superior moisture resistance due to the use of phenolic glue (E1).
MR glue doesn’t exhibit distinct layers, while WBP glue provides excellent moisture resistance.

Birch Plywood: Superior to Most Other Plywood Types

birch plywood
Birch plywood
Poplar plywood
Keruing / Brown wood ply

Superior Strength: Birch plywood is known for its superior strength. It resists warping and bending better than some hardwoods, making it perfect for projects needing strong and stable materials.

Water Resistance: Unlike MDF or particle board, birch plywood stays strong even with moderate moisture exposure. This makes it a durable choice for kitchens, bathrooms, and outdoor furniture.

Long-Lasting Durability: Birch plywood is also long-lasting. It can handle years of use, making it a great investment for projects that need to last.

Aesthetic Appeal: Visually, birch plywood stands out compared to poplar, brown wood, and pine. Its light color and smooth texture give a clean and elegant look.

Versatility: It’s very versatile, suitable for furniture, cabinetry, construction, and interior design.

Workability: It is easy to work with. You can cut, shape, and finish it using both hand and power tools, providing so much flexibility for cabinet makers to crate their own work. 

By considering these advantages, birch plywood emerges as a superior choice for projects that demand strength, durability, and aesthetic appeal.

Choosing the Right Grade

Birch plywood comes in various grades, impacting its appearance and cost. Understanding these grades is essential for selecting the perfect material for your needs:

Top Category (I):

  • E grade (I): Not readily available in NZ, offering a perfect surface with no pin knots.
  • B grade (I): Mid-range, allowing a maximum of 3 pin knots per square meter and minor imperfections.
  • S grade (I): Similar to B grade but allows for knot fill.


Middle Category (II):

  • BB grade: Permits visible knots and repairing patches.

Lower Category (III):

  • CP grade: Flat surface but allows discolouration and unlimited patches. Frequently used for HPL products.


Lowest Category (IV):

  • C grade: Offers no restrictions on knots, mineral lines, and patches. Used in construction applications where appearance is less important.

In New Zealand, commonly used grades include:

  • B/BB grade: Popular for cabinetry vertical surfaces like cupboard doors and drawer fronts.
  • BB/BB grade: Widely used for kitchen internal cabinets where imperfections are not visible.
  • CP/CP grade: Common choice for benchtops with HPL laminates covering one face.

Workability & Applications

plywood kitchen
bathroom vanity

Birch plywood is exceptionally workable, easy to cut, shape, and finish. This versatility makes it ideal for diverse projects. From crafting beautiful, durable furniture to building high-quality cabinets and meeting construction needs, birch plywood offers unmatched strength and stability. Its smooth surface is perfect for creating unique and eye-catching decorative elements, adding elegance to any space.

My experience with birch plywood has opened up endless possibilities. Whether you’re designing custom furniture like dining tables and bookshelves or renovating kitchens and bathrooms with sturdy cabinets and shelves, birch plywood is the ideal choice. Its versatility extends to decorative wall panels, feature walls, and custom artwork, bringing your creative vision to life.

Cost-Effectiveness Compared to Solid Timber

The cost of birch plywood depends on several factors like origin, supplier, and grade:

  • Imported plywood: Birch plywood from Russia or Europe tends to be more expensive than other options.
  • Building supplies: While building supplies may offer lower prices, quality might be compromised compared to specialized plywood suppliers.

Comparing prices and grades from different suppliers will help you find cost-effective options that meet your project requirements.

Finishing Birch Plywood

birch plywood stains

There are numerous DIY finishing options for your birch plywood project, each with its own pros and cons. Here’s a breakdown:

1. Water-based paint/varnish:

Easy application and affordable, but lifts the grain, creating a rough texture and susceptibility to scratches. Limited long-term protection and prone to yellowing.

2. Solvent-based paint/varnish:

Forms a protective layer and can be more durable, but requires careful application due to harmful fumes and yellows with UV exposure.

3. Natural oil (Tung or Danish oil):

Creates a natural finish and deep protection, but never fully dries, leaving a wet look and darkening the wood. Requires frequent reapplication.

4. Hardwax oil:

Hardwax oil is my favourite finish for birch plywood as it penetrates the wood, offering protection while maintaining its natural colour. I recommend Osmo Hardwax Raw Transparent on raw Birch plywood, especially with a white foundation to counteract any colour changes over time. However, it is the most expensive DIY option and requires regular reapplication, especially in high-traffic areas.

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